You’ll have a better time on your next hike if you’re wearing the right footwear. Follow these tips before hitting the trail.

Your hiking shoe or boot should match the task at hand. If you plan day hikes of no more than 10 miles, you probably don’t need backpacking boots; you’re likely to feel better in hiking shoes or lightweight boots. But don’t let a salesperson talk you out of extra support if you want something sturdier for your ankles or you simply like the protection of a heavier boot.

For hiking, the main choices are trail-running shoes, hiking shoes and hiking boots.

Trail-running shoes are generally beefier than other running shoes and have added protection, support and cushioning. They likely have deeper lugs or tread patterns to help grip the trail, but there is less protection around the toes and more sensitivity under foot than offered by a hiking shoe or boot. In general, they require no break-in period.

Hiking shoes are lighter and more flexible than boots but offer less support. They’re heavier and offer more overall support than trail-running shoes. Some resemble trail-running shoes and other look like low-cut hiking boots. They feature semi-aggressive tread patterns, more durable construction than trail running-shoes and Vibram (or similar) rubber soles. Some models incorporate inner shanks that run the length of the shoe adding support and stability. Rubber toe-caps offer protection when traveling over rocky terrain. Hiking shoes require little or no break-in period.

If most of your miles will be covered in dry, warm weather, a well-ventilated, lightweight shoe is your best bet. Your feet can breathe and you’ll feel better at the end of the day after hiking with the lighter weight. If you anticipate using your shoes in damp or cold weather, look for waterproofing.

Hiking boots are, broadly speaking, more supportive and protective than hiking shoes. They cover the ankles, have harder soles and are made of more durable materials. A beginner or occasional hiker who needs support for less-developed muscles, or who is prone to rolled ankles or tweaked knees, should consider wearing boots.

Materials impact a boot’s weight, breathability, durability and water resistance.

Full-grain leather: Offers durability and good water resistance. Generally used for hiking long distances or over rough terrain. You’ll need to break them in before setting out on a long hike.

Split-grain leather: Usually paired with nylon or nylon mesh to offer lightweight, breathable comfort.

Nubuck leather: A full-grain leather that has been buffed to resemble suede. It is durable and resists water and abrasion. It requires ample time to break in before an extended hike.

Synthetics: Polyester, nylon and synthetic leather are lighter than leather, break in more quickly, dry faster and usually cost less.

Waterproof: Feature uppers constructed with waterproof/breathable membranes (such as Gore-Tex® or eVent®).

Vegan: Made without any animal ingredients or byproducts.

A proper fit is paramount.

  • Try on shoes or boots at the end of your day since your feet tend to swell over the course of a day, just as they do during a hike.
  • Walk up and down stairs and outside, if possible, to test shoes. If you detect an odd bump or seam, or a little pinching in the forefoot, try adjusting the laces. Don’t “settle” on the fit; keep trying pairs until the fit is right.
  • Try on shoes or boots with the socks you intend to wear and any custom or specialized insoles.
  • You should feel plenty of space in the toe box.
  • You should not feel squished on the sides of your forefoot, but shouldn’t feel like you’re swimming around in the shoes, either.
  • A good way to test the length of a shoe: Stand upright in an unlaced shoe. Slide your foot forward until it touches the front. You should be able to comfortably slip your index finger between your heel and the heel of the shoe.
  • Once you have your shoe laced, the feel should be snug enough that, as you roll up onto your toe, you don’t feel your foot sliding forward to touch the front of the boot; however, it shouldn’t be so snug that it cuts off your circulation or causes hot spots.
  • You should not feel any heel lift or slip as you walk around. A loose increases the risk of blisters.

Tongue design

The tongue of your shoe or boot might be bellowed or gusseted. A bellowed tongue is designed to keep debris out of the footbed. Fully gusseted tongues are designed to keep water and debris out.

Lacing

Lacing systems – traditional and cord – and eyelet patterns keep shoes on our feet. Traditional laces weave across the top of the foot. Quick lace cord systems also weave across the top of the foot but are secured with a plastic cord lock. (The downside: no easy backcountry repair.) No system is better than another; choose what keeps your feet secure, doesn’t chafe and is comfortable.

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Source: REI.com; Running.com; Backcountry.com

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